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      實驗常用中英名詞對照有哪些?

      發布時間:

      2022-12-24

      作者:

      大培養基生產廠家


      實驗常用中英名詞對照

      EMB 培養基  eosin methylene blue medium    , 發酵液fermentation solution, V.P.試驗  Voges-Proskauer test , 四環素tetracycline, 對流免疫電泳 counter immuoelectrophoresis, 子囊 ascus (復: asci) , 平板 Plate, 子囊孢子ascospore , 平板劃線 streak plate, 小梗sterigma , 平板菌落計數法 enumeration by plate count method, 干熱滅菌 hot oven sterilization , 滅菌 sterilization, 干燥箱 drying oven , 生長曲線 growth curve, 馬丁培養基 Martin’s medium , 甲基紅(M.R.)試驗 Methyl red test, 馬鈴薯葡萄糖培養基Potato extract glucose medium, 目鏡測微尺 Ocular micrometer, 石炭酸(酚)Phenol

      專性厭氧菌 obligate anaerobe , 立克次氏體 Rickettsia, 中性紅 neutral red , 節孢子 arthrospore, 分生孢子 conidium(復: conidia), 分生孢子梗 conidiophore, 產氨試驗 Production of ammonia test, 分離 isolation , 伊紅美藍培養基 eosin methylene blue medium, 分辨率(清晰度)Resoiving power (resolution), 劃線培養 streak culture, 雙筒顯微鏡 biocular microscope , 厭氧細菌 anaerobic bacteria, 孔雀綠 malachite green , 厭氧培養法anaerobic culture method, 巴斯德消毒法Pasteurization , 呂氏美藍液 Loeffler’s methylene blue, 支原體mycoplasma , 多粘菌素 Polymyxin, 無性繁殖vegetative propagation , 好氧細菌 aerobic bacterium(復:bacteria)

       

      無菌水 sterile water , 異養微生物heterotrophic microbe, 無菌移液管 sterile pipette , 異染粒metachromatic granule, 無菌操作(無菌技術)aseptic technique        , 有性繁殖 sexual reproduction, 比濁法turbidimetry , 血細胞計數板haemocytometer, 氣生菌絲 aerial hypha(復:hyphae) , 衣原體 Chlamydia, 水浸法 wet-mount method , 負染色 negative stain, 牛肉膏蛋白胨培養基 beef extract peptone medium, 齊氏石炭酸復紅染液Ziehl’s carbolfuchsin, 計算室 counting chamber , 伴孢晶體parasporal crystal, 卡那霉素kanamycin , 免疫血清 Immune serum, 利夫森氏鞭毛染色 Leifson’s flagella stain , 吲哚試驗 indole test , 匍匐枝 stolon

      局限性轉導specialized transduction , 厚垣孢子chalmydospore, 抑制劑indhibitor   , 垣酸 teichoic acid, 抑菌圈 zone of inhibition , 復染counterstain, 抗生素antibiotics , 恒溫箱 incubator, 抗生素發酵antibotic fermentation , 挑菌落 colony selection, 抗血清 antiserum, 抗體  antibody, 檸檬酸鹽培養基citrate medium, 抗原antigen  測微尺 micrometer, 抗菌譜 antibiotic spectrum , 相差顯微鏡 phase contrast microscope, 杜氏小管 Durbam tube , 穿刺培養 stab culture, 來蘇爾 lysol , 細晶紫 crystal violet, 沉淀反應precipitation reaction , 耐氧細菌aerotolerant bacteria, 沉淀原 precipinogen , 莢膜染色 capsule stain, 沉淀素precipitin

      誘變劑 mutagenic agent, 純化purification , 誘變效應 mutagenic effect, 芽孢 spore , 革蘭氏陽性菌Gram-positive bacteria, G + , 芽孢染色 spore stain , 革蘭氏陰性菌Gram-negative bacteria, G -, 豆芽汁葡萄糖培養基soybean  sprout  extract glucose medium, 革蘭氏染色 Gram stain, 阿須貝無氮培養基 Ashby medium , 革蘭氏碘液 Gram’s iodine solution, 麥芽汁培養基 malt extract medium , 香柏油 cedar oil, 乳酸石炭酸液lactophenol solution , 傾注法 pour-plate method, 乳糖發酵 lactose fermentation , 兼性厭氧菌faculative anaerobe, 乳糖蛋白胨培養基lactose peptone medium         , 原生質體protoplast, 單菌落 single colony

       

      振蕩培養 shake culture, 單筒顯微鏡monocular microscope , 根瘤菌 nodule bacteria, 固氮作用 nitrogen fixation , 氨芐青霉素ampicillin, 國際單位制international system of units, SI         , 涂抹培養 smearing culture, 奈氏試劑 Nessler’s reagent , 涂布器(刮刀)scraper, 孢子囊 sporangium(復:sporangia) , 清毒desomfectopm, 孢子囊柄sporangiophore,  消毒劑 disinfectant, 孢囊孢子sporangiospore , 真菌 fungi, 明膠液化試驗 gelatin liguefaction test , 胰蛋白胨bacto-tryptone, 杯碟法cylinder-plate method , 載片 slide, 油鏡 oil immersion , 酒精發酵 alcoholic fermentation, 物鏡 objective, objective lens

      高氏 1  號合成培養基 Gause’s  No.    1 synthetic medium, 細調節器 fine adjustment , 高 壓 蒸 汽 滅 菌 high   pressure   steam, sterilization, 肽聚糖peptidoglycan, 苯胺黑(黑色素)nigrosin , 假根 rhizine, 轉導tramsduction , 假菌絲pseudohypha, 轉導子transductant , 培養皿 petri dish  , 培養基medium , 鏈霉素streptomycin, 培養液 culture solution, 懸液suspension , 微生物發酵microbial fermentation, 懸滴法 hanging drop method , 搖床 rotating shaker, 接合conjugation , 數值孔徑 numerical aperture(N.A), 接合孢子 zygospore , 暗視野顯微鏡darkfield microscope, 接種針inoculating needle , 溶菌酶 lysozyme

      接種環inoculating loop , 濾膜法 membrane filter technique, 斜面 slant , 簡單染色 simple stain, 斜面接種inoculation of an agar slant , 藍細菌cyanobacteria, 液體接種 broth transfer , 酪蛋白水解培養基casein hydrolysate medium, 淀粉水解試驗hydrolysis of strarch test      , 球形體sphaeroplast , 察氏培養基 Czapek’s medium, 蓋片 cover glass , 堿性復紅 basic fuchsin, 硅膠 silica gel , 堿性染料 basic dye  , 移液管 Breed pipette , 穩定期 stationary phase, 脫色劑decolourising agent , 聚-β-羥丁酸 poly-β-hydroxybutyrate,PHB, 菌絲 hypha(復:hyphae) , 酵母甘露醇培養基yeast  extract  mannitol medium, 菌絲體 mycelium(復:mycelia)

       酵母菌 yeast, 菌落 colony , 蕃紅(沙黃、藏花紅)safranin, 營養菌絲vegetative hypha , 佳性沒食子酸pyrogallic acid, 霉菌 mould, mold, 媒染劑mordant , 凝膠擴散 gel diffusion, 普遍性轉導 general transduction , 凝集反應agglutination reaction, 棉塞 cotton pluge , 凝集原agglutinogen  , 氯霉素chloramphenicol , 凝集素  bacteriophage, 瓊脂擴散法 agar diffusion method , 噬菌體  agglutinate  , 瓊脂糖凝膠 agarose gel , 噬菌體裂解  phage lysis, 稀釋分離法isolation by dilution method        , 噬菌斑  plaque, 稀釋液diluent(diluted solution) , 鏡臺測微尺  stage micrometer, 紫外線ultraviolet rays , 螺旋體spirochaeta

       

      葡萄糖蛋白胨培養基glucose  peptone medium, 鞭毛 flagellum(復:flagella), 計數       Enumeration, 單菌落分離 single colony isolation procedure;a single-colony isolation technique., 稀釋平板法 serial dilution-agar plating procedure, 富集培養   enrichment culture, 鹽堿地     salt marsh sediments實驗常用中英名詞對照表, EMB 培養基  eosin methylene blue medium    , 發酵液fermentation solution, V.P.試驗  Voges-Proskauer test , 四環素tetracycline, 對流免疫電泳 counter immuoelectrophoresis, 子囊 ascus (復: asci) , 平板 Plate, 子囊孢子ascospore , 平板劃線 streak plate, 小梗sterigma

      平板菌落計數法 enumeration by platecount method, 干熱滅菌 hot oven sterilization , 滅菌 sterilization, 干燥箱 drying oven , 生長曲線 growth curve, 馬丁培養基 Martin’s medium , 甲基紅(M.R.)試驗 Methyl red test, 馬鈴薯葡萄糖培養基Potato extract glucose medium, 目鏡測微尺 Ocular micrometer, 石炭酸(酚)Phenol, 專性厭氧菌 obligate anaerobe , 立克次氏體 Rickettsia, 中性紅 neutral red , 節孢子 arthrospore, 分生孢子 conidium(復: conidia), 分生孢子梗 conidiophore, 產氨試驗 Production of ammonia test, 分離 isolation , 伊紅美藍培養基 eosin methylene blue medium, 分辨率(清晰度)Resoiving power (resolution)

      劃線培養 streak culture, 雙筒顯微鏡 biocular microscope , 厭氧細菌 anaerobic bacteria, 孔雀綠 malachite green , 厭氧培養法anaerobic culture method, 巴斯德消毒法Pasteurization , 呂氏美藍液 Loeffler’s methylene blue, 支原體mycoplasma , 多粘菌素 Polymyxin, 無性繁殖vegetative propagation , 好氧細菌 aerobic bacterium(復:bacteria), 無菌水 sterile water , 異養微生物heterotrophic microbe, 無菌移液管 sterile pipette , 異染粒metachromatic granule, 無菌操作(無菌技術)aseptic technique        , 有性繁殖 sexual reproduction, 比濁法turbidimetry , 血細胞計數板haemocytometer, 氣生菌絲 aerial hypha(復:hyphae)

      衣原體 Chlamydia, 水浸法 wet-mount method , 負染色 negative stain, 牛肉膏蛋白胨培養基 beef extract peptone medium, 齊氏石炭酸復紅染液Ziehl’s carbolfuchsin, 計算室 counting chamber , 伴孢晶體parasporal crystal, 卡那霉素kanamycin , 免疫血清 Immune serum, 利夫森氏鞭毛染色 Leifson’s flagella stain , 吲哚試驗 indole test , 匍匐枝 stolon, 局限性轉導specialized transduction , 厚垣孢子chalmydospore, 抑制劑indhibitor   , 垣酸 teichoic acid, 抑菌圈 zone of inhibition , 復染counterstain, 抗生素antibiotics , 恒溫箱 incubator, 抗生素發酵antibotic fermentation , 挑菌落 colony selection, 抗血清 antiserum

      抗體  antibody, 檸檬酸鹽培養基citrate medium, 抗原antigen  測微尺 micrometer, 抗菌譜 antibiotic spectrum , 相差顯微鏡 phase contrast microscope, 杜氏小管 Durbam tube , 穿刺培養 stab culture, 來蘇爾 lysol , 細晶紫 crystal violet, 沉淀反應precipitation reaction , 耐氧細菌aerotolerant bacteria, 沉淀原 precipinogen , 莢膜染色 capsule stain, 沉淀素precipitin , 誘變劑 mutagenic agent, 純化purification , 誘變效應 mutagenic effect, 芽孢 spore , 革蘭氏陽性菌Gram-positive bacteria, G + , 芽孢染色 spore stain , 革蘭氏陰性菌Gram-negative bacteria, G -, 豆芽汁葡萄糖培養基soybean  sprout  extract glucose medium

       

      革蘭氏染色 Gram stain, 阿須貝無氮培養基 Ashby medium , 革蘭氏碘液 Gram’s iodine solution, 麥芽汁培養基 malt extract medium , 香柏油 cedar oil, 乳酸石炭酸液lactophenol solution , 傾注法 pour-plate method, 乳糖發酵 lactose fermentation , 兼性厭氧菌faculative anaerobe, 乳糖蛋白胨培養基lactose peptone medium         , 原生質體protoplast, 單菌落 single colony , 振蕩培養 shake culture, 單筒顯微鏡monocular microscope , 根瘤菌 nodule bacteria, 固氮作用 nitrogen fixation , 氨芐青霉素ampicillin, 國際單位制international system of units, SI         , 涂抹培養 smearing culture, 奈氏試劑 Nessler’s reagent , 涂布器(刮刀)scraper

      孢子囊 sporangium(復:sporangia) , 清毒desomfectopm, 孢子囊柄sporangiophore,  消毒劑 disinfectant, 孢囊孢子sporangiospore , 真菌 fungi, 明膠液化試驗 gelatin liguefaction test , 胰蛋白胨bacto-tryptone, 杯碟法cylinder-plate method , 載片 slide, 油鏡 oil immersion , 酒精發酵 alcoholic fermentation, 物鏡 objective, objective lens , 高氏 1  號合成培養基 Gause’s  No.    1 synthetic medium, 細調節器 fine adjustment , 高 壓 蒸 汽 滅 菌 high   pressure   steam, sterilization, 肽聚糖peptidoglycan, 苯胺黑(黑色素)nigrosin , 假根 rhizine, 轉導tramsduction , 假菌絲pseudohypha, 轉導子transductant , 培養皿 petri dish  

      培養基medium , 鏈霉素streptomycin, 培養液 culture solution, 懸液suspension , 微生物發酵microbial fermentation, 懸滴法 hanging drop method , 搖床 rotating shaker, 接合conjugation , 數值孔徑 numerical aperture(N.A), 接合孢子 zygospore , 暗視野顯微鏡darkfield microscope, 接種針inoculating needle , 溶菌酶 lysozyme, 接種環inoculating loop , 濾膜法 membrane filter technique, 斜面 slant , 簡單染色 simple stain, 斜面接種inoculation of an agar slant , 藍細菌cyanobacteria, 液體接種 broth transfer , 酪蛋白水解培養基casein hydrolysate medium, 淀粉水解試驗hydrolysis of strarch test      , 球形體sphaeroplast

      察氏培養基 Czapek’s medium, 蓋片 cover glass , 堿性復紅 basic fuchsin, 硅膠 silica gel , 堿性染料 basic dye  , 移液管 Breed pipette , 穩定期 stationary phase, 脫色劑decolourising agent , 聚-β-羥丁酸 poly-β-hydroxybutyrate,PHB, 菌絲 hypha(復:hyphae) , 酵母甘露醇培養基yeast  extract  mannitol medium, 菌絲體 mycelium(復:mycelia) , 酵母菌 yeast, 菌落 colony , 蕃紅(沙黃、藏花紅)safranin, 營養菌絲vegetative hypha , 佳性沒食子酸pyrogallic acid, 霉菌 mould, mold, 媒染劑mordant , 凝膠擴散 gel diffusion, 普遍性轉導 general transduction , 凝集反應agglutination reaction, 棉塞 cotton pluge , 凝集原agglutinogen

       

      氯霉素chloramphenicol , 凝集素  bacteriophage, 瓊脂擴散法 agar diffusion method , 噬菌體  agglutinate  , 瓊脂糖凝膠 agarose gel , 噬菌體裂解  phage lysis, 稀釋分離法isolation by dilution method        , 噬菌斑  plaque, 稀釋液diluent(diluted solution) , 鏡臺測微尺  stage micrometer, 紫外線ultraviolet rays , 螺旋體spirochaeta, 葡萄糖蛋白胨培養基glucose  peptone medium, 鞭毛 flagellum(復:flagella), 計數       Enumeration, 單菌落分離 single colony isolation procedure;a single-colony isolation technique., 稀釋平板法 serial dilution-agar plating procedure, 富集培養   enrichment culture, EMB培養基 eosin methylene blue medium

      發酵液fermentation solution, V.P.試驗 Voges-Proskauer test, 四環素tetracycline, 三畫, 對流免疫電泳counter immuoelectrophoresis, 子囊ascus (復: asci), 平板Plate, 子囊孢子ascospore, 平板劃線streak plate, 小梗sterigma, 平板菌落計數法enumeration by platecount method, 干熱滅菌hot oven sterilization, 滅菌sterilization, 干燥箱drying oven, 生長曲線growth curve, 馬丁培養基Martin’s medium, 甲基紅(M.R.)試驗Methyl red test, 馬鈴薯葡萄糖培養基Potato extract glucose medium, 目鏡測微尺Ocular micrometer, 四畫, 石炭酸(酚)Phenol, 專性厭氧菌obligate anaerobe, 立克次氏體Rickettsia, 中性紅neutral red

      節孢子arthrospore, 分生孢子conidium(復: conidia), 六畫, 分生孢子梗conidiophore, 產氨試驗Production of ammonia test, 分離isolation, 伊紅美藍培養基eosin methylene blue medium, 分辨率(清晰度)Resoiving power (resolution), 劃線培養streak culture, 雙筒顯微鏡biocular microscope, 厭氧細菌anaerobic bacteria, 孔雀綠malachite green, 厭氧培養法anaerobic culture method, 巴斯德消毒法Pasteurization, 呂氏美藍液Loeffler’s methylene blue, 支原體mycoplasma, 多粘菌素Polymyxin, 無性繁殖vegetative propagation, 好氧細菌aerobic bacterium(復:bacteria), 無菌水sterile water, 異養微生物heterotrophic microbe

      無菌移液管sterile pipette, 異染粒metachromatic granule, 無菌操作(無菌技術)aseptic technique, 有性繁殖sexual reproduction, 比濁法turbidimetry, 血細胞計數板haemocytometer, 氣生菌絲aerial hypha(復:hyphae), 衣原體Chlamydia, 水浸法wet-mount method, 負染色negative stain, 牛肉膏蛋白胨培養基beef extract peptone medium, 齊氏石炭酸復紅染液Ziehl’s carbolfuchsin, 計算室counting chamber, 七畫, 五畫, 伴孢晶體parasporal crystal, 卡那霉素kanamycin, 免疫血清Immune serum,  ,  , 利夫森氏鞭毛染色Leifson’s flagella stain, 九畫, 吲哚試驗indole test, 匍匐枝stolon, 局限性轉導specialized transduction

      厚垣孢子chalmydospore, 抑制劑indhibitor, 垣酸teichoic acid, 抑菌圈zone of inhibition, 復染counterstain, 抗生素antibiotics, 恒溫箱incubator, 抗生素發酵antibotic fermentation, 挑菌落colony selection, 抗血清antiserum, 抗體 antibody, 檸檬酸鹽培養基citrate medium, 抗原antigen, 測微尺micrometer, 抗菌譜antibiotic spectrum, 相差顯微鏡phase contrast microscope, 杜氏小管Durbam tube, 穿刺培養stab culture, 來蘇爾lysol, 細晶紫crystal violet, 沉淀反應precipitation reaction, 耐氧細菌aerotolerant bacteria, 沉淀原precipinogen, 莢膜染色capsule stain, 沉淀素precipitin, 誘變劑mutagenic agent, 純化purification

      誘變效應mutagenic effect, 芽孢spore, 革蘭氏陽性菌Gram-positive bacteria, G+, 芽孢染色spore stain, 革蘭氏陰性菌Gram-negative bacteria, G-, 豆芽汁葡萄糖培養基soybean sprout extract glucose medium, 革蘭氏染色Gram stain, 阿須貝無氮培養基Ashby medium, 革蘭氏碘液Gram’s iodine solution, 麥芽汁培養基malt extract medium, 香柏油cedar oil, 八畫, 十畫, 乳酸石炭酸液lactophenol solution, 傾注法pour-plate method, 乳糖發酵lactose fermentation, 兼性厭氧菌faculative anaerobe, 乳糖蛋白胨培養基lactose peptone medium, 原生質體protoplast, 單菌落single colony, 振蕩培養shake culture, 單筒顯微鏡monocular microscope

       

      根瘤菌nodule bacteria, 固氮作用nitrogen fixation, 氨芐青霉素ampicillin, 國際單位制international system of units, SI, 涂抹培養smearing culture, 奈氏試劑Nessler’s reagent, 涂布器(刮刀)scraper, 孢子囊sporangium(復:sporangia), 清毒desomfectopm, 孢子囊柄sporangiophore, 消毒劑disinfectant, 孢囊孢子sporangiospore, 真菌fungi, 明膠液化試驗gelatin liguefaction test, 胰蛋白胨bacto-tryptone, 杯碟法cylinder-plate method, 載片slide, 油鏡oil immersion, 酒精發酵alcoholic fermentation, 物鏡objective, objective lens, 高氏1號合成培養基Gause’s No.  1 synthetic medium, 細調節器fine adjustment, 高壓蒸汽滅菌high pressure steam sterilization, 肽聚糖peptidoglycan, 十一畫, 苯胺黑(黑色素)nigrosin, 假根rhizine, 轉導tramsduction, 假菌絲pseudohypha, 轉導子transductant, 培養皿petri dish, 

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